Losing the stigma of incarceration
Does serving a sentence with electronic monitoring causally improve post-release labor market outcomes?
Study Paper No. 40
Written by: Lars Højsgaard Andersen and Signe Hald Andersen
Many Western countries now use electronic monitoring (EM) of some offenders as an alternative to more traditional forms of punishment such as imprisonment. While the main reason for introducing EM is the growing prison population, politicians and administrators also believe that this type of punishment achieves a positive effect by reducing recidivism and the probability of post-release marginalisation. The small existing empirical literature on the effect of EM finds mixed support for this belief, but is, however, based on very small sample sizes. The authors expand this literature by studying the causal effect of EM on social benefit dependency after the sentence has been served. They use administrative data from Statistics Denmark that include information on all Danish offenders who have served their sentence under EM rather than in prison. They compare post-release dependency rates for this group with outcomes for a historical control group of convicted offenders who would have served their sentences with EM had the option been available – i.e. who are identical to the EM group on all observed and unobserved characteristics.
Fewer offenders claim welfare benefits after community service and electronic tagging than after serving prison sentencesGo to knowledge overview
Serving time or serving the community?Go to research report
Unemployment and crimeGo to research report
The Effect of Workfare on CrimeGo to research report
Does Incarceration Length Affect Labor Market Outcomes for Violent Offenders?Go to research report