Denmark makes tougher demands on refugees who request permanent residence permits than do Germany, Norway and the Netherlands

Knowledge overview

October 2018


In this newsletter:


  • Denmark is alone in increasing the length of stay required for a permanent residence permit.
  • All four countries have raised their language proficiency requirements.
  • Only the Netherlands does not require refugees to be self-supporting.
  • Denmark is the strictest country in its requirements for integration by refugees, and in requiring municipal authorities to support this integration.

Related publications


Research report

Integration and permanent residence policies

Go to research report